Wednesday, June 18, 2008

PETRONAS oh PETRONAS

Malam tadi dengan penuh khusyuk mengikuti program Bual Bicara Dengan Media bersama Tan Sri Dato' Seri Hassan Marican, Presiden/CEO PETRONAS di RTM1. Walaupun saya bekerja di bawah payung PETRONAS namun banyak isu yang perlukan penjelasan yang mudah. Alhamdulillah, Tan Sri Presiden bercakap dalam bahasa yang mudah dan senang difahami.


Saya berharap agar orang ramai di luar sana faham kedudukan PETRONAS terutamanya dalam segi pemberian keuntungan dan subsidi. Cukuplah saya dengar ada kakitangan PETRONAS yang bertikam lidah dengan orang yang tidak ingin faham, dijeling dan disangka buruk oleh orang lain. Seperti rakyat Malaysia yang lain, kami pun terasa juga kesan harga kenaikan minyak ini. Fahamilah risiko yang kami hadapai. Ramai di antara kami yang terdedah dengan bahaya industri sepanjang masa malahan meninggalkan keluarga berminggu-minggu lamanya semata-mata untuk memastikan syarikat kami ini berdaya maju. Lebih untung diperolehi, maka lebih banyak cukai, dividen, royalti dapat diberikan kepada kerajaan dengan harapan ia disalurkan sebaik-baiknya kepada rakyat.


Saya 'post'kan satu e-mel yang saya terima daripada rakan yang cuba memberi penerangan terhadap segala tohmahan tidak berasas masyarakat Malaysia. Ia dalam Bahasa Inggeris. Penulis sebenar e-mel ini adalah kakitangan PETRONAS yang berkerja di Unit Korporat.


Lapang-lapangkan hati anda dan jangan biarkan emosi anda menguasai pemikiran anda.


Nota: Ia adalah e-mel yang panjang.

-------------------------

"Dear all,


After reading all the chain mails and blogs, I feel called to reply, because of the relentless attacks and allegations -- most of which are inaccurate or baseless -- against PETRONAS.


PETRONAS' STAFF SALARY & BONUS


1) The salaries paid to PETRONAS' employees are not as high as people think. At best, they are just industry average. And these are not attractive enough for some who left PETRONAS to find work at other companies (mainly from the Middle East) which are willing to pay more. Why do they pay more? The oil and gas industry worldwide has been facing acute shortage of qualified or experienced personnel, so most companies are willing to pay lots of money to entice and pinch staff from their competitors.


Bonus? There has NEVER been a bonus amounting to 6 months or 12 months throughout the 33 years. On average, it is 2 months. But don't ever think we don't deserve it. We more than deserve it. A lot of us work really hard, some in the most extreme of conditions. Those who have been to and worked in northern Sudan, for example, would testify that it's like working in a huge blower oven. Southern Sudan, on the other hand, is almost all swamps and mud. Imagine having to go through that kind of heat, or waddling in muddy swamps, day in and day out.


QUALITY OF CRUDE & REFINED PRODUCTS


2) Malaysia produces about 600,000 barrels of crude oil per day (and about 100,000 barrels condensate). Of this crude volume, 339,000 barrels are refined locally for local consumption. The rest is exported (and yes, because it has lower sulphur content it fetches higher prices).


Malaysia also imports about 230,000 barrels of crude oil per day, mainly from the Middle East, to be refined here. This crude oil contains higher sulphur and is less expensive (so the country gains more by exporting our crudes). In Malaysia, this crude is processed by PETRONAS at its second refinery in Melaka, and also by Shell at its Port Dickson refinery.


Different refineries are built and configurated to refine different types of crude. And each crude type yields different percentage of products (diesel, gasoline, kerosene, cooking gas etc) per barrel.


But most importantly, products that come out at the end of the refining process have the same good quality regardless of the crude types. That's why PETRONAS, Shell and Exxon Mobil share the same pipeline to transport the finished products from their refineries to a distribution centre in the Klang Valley. The three companies collect the products at this centre accordingly to be distributed to their respective distribution networks. What makes PETRONAS' petrol different from Shell's, for example, is the additive that each company adds.


PETRONAS' ROLE, FUNCTION & CONTRIBUTION


3) A lot of people also do not understand the role and function of PETRONAS, which is essentially a company, a business entity, which operates on a commercial manner, to mainly generate income and value for its shareholder. In this case, PETRONAS' shareholder is the Government.


In 1974, when PETRONAS was set up, the Government gave PETRONAS RM10 million (peanuts, right?) as seed capital. From 1974 to 2007, PETRONAS made RM570 billion in accumulated profits, and returned to the Government a total of RM335.7 billion. That is about 65% of the profits. That means for every RM1 that PETRONAS makes, 65 sen goes back to the Government.


Last year, PETRONAS made a pre-tax profit of RM86.8 billion. The amount given back to the Government (in royalty, dividends, corporate income tax, petroleum products income tax and export duty) was RM52.3 billion. The rest of the profit was used to pay off minority interests and taxes in foreign countries (about RM7.8 billion - PETRONAS now operates in more than 30 countries), and the remaining RM26.7 billion was reinvested. The amount reinvested seems a lot, but the oil and gas industry is technology- and capital-intensive. Costs have gone up exponentially in the last couple of years. Previously, to drill a well, it cost about US$3 million; now it costs US$7 million. The use of rigs was US$200,000 a day a couple of years ago; now it costs US$600,000 a day.

A lot of people also do not realise that the amount returned by PETRONAS to the Government makes up 35% of the Government's total annual income, to be used by the Government for expenditures, development, operations, and yes, for the various subsidies. That means for every RM1 the Government makes, 35 sen is contributed by PETRONAS.


So, instead of asking what happens to PETRIONAS' money or profits, people should be questioning how the money paid by PETRONAS to the Government is allocated.


CRUDE EXPORTS & FUEL PRICES


4) A lot of people also ask, why Malaysia exports its crude oil. Shouldn't we just stop exporting and sell at cheaper prices to local refiners? If Malaysia is an oil exporting country, why can't we sell petrol or diesel at cheaper prices like other oil producing countries in the Middle East?


I guess I don't have to answer the first couple of questions. It's simple economics, and crude oil is a global commodity.


Why can't we sell petrol and diesel at lower prices like in the Middle East? Well, comparing Saudi Arabia and other big producers to Malaysia is like comparing kurma to durian, because these Middle Eastern countries have much, much, much bigger oil and gas reserves.


Malaysia has only 5.4 billion barrels of oil reserves, and about 89 trillion cubic feet of gas. Compare that to Saudi Arabia's 260 billion barrels of oil and 240 trillion cubic feet of gas.


Malaysia only produces 600,000 barrels per day of oil. Saudi Arabia produces 9 million barrels per day. At this rate, Saudi Arabia's crude oil sales revenue could amount to US$1.2 billion per day! At this rate, it can practically afford almost everything -- free education, healthcare, etc, and subsidies -- for its people.

But if we look at these countries closely, they have in the past few years started to come up with policies and strategies designed to prolong their reserves and diversify their income bases. In this sense, Malaysia (and PETRONAS) has had a good head start, as we have been doing this a long time.


Fuel prices in Malaysia is controlled by the Government based on a formula under the Automatic Pricing Mechanism introduced more than a couple of decades ago. It is under this mechanism that the complex calculation of prices is made, based on the actual cost of petrol or diesel, the operating costs, margin for dealers, margin for retail oil companies (including PETRONAS Dagangan Bhd) and the balancing number of duty or subsidy. No retail oil companies or dealers actually make money from the hike of the fuel prices. Oil companies pay for the products at market prices, but have to sell low, so the Government reimburses the difference -- thus subsidy.


Subsidy as a concept is OK as long as it benefits the really deserving segment of the population. But there has to be a limit to how much and how long the Government should bear and sustain subsidy. An environment where prices are kept artificially low indefinitely will not do anyone any good. That's why countries like Indonesia are more pro-active in removing subsidies. Even Vietnam (which is a socialist country, by the way) is selling fuel at market prices.


PETRONAS & TRANSPARENCY


5) I feel I also need to say something on the allegation that PETRONAS is not transparent in terms of its accounts, business transactions etc.


PETRONAS is first and foremost a company, operating under the rules and regulations of the authorities including the Registrar of Companies, and the Securities Commission and Bursa Malaysia for its listed four subsidiaries (PETRONAS Dagangan Bhd, PETRONAS Gas Bhd, MISC Bhd and KLCC Property Holdings Bhd.


PETRONAS the holding company produces annual reports which are made to whomever wants them, and are distributed to many parties and places; including to the library at the Parliament House for perusal and reading pleasure of all Yang Berhormat MPs (if they care to read). PETRONAS also makes the annual report available on its website, for those who bother to look. The accounts are duly audited.


The website also contains a lot of useful information, if people really care to find out. Although PETRONAS is not listed on Bursa Malaysia, for all intents and purposes, it could be considered a listed entity as its bonds and financial papers are traded overseas. This requires scrutiny from investors, and from rating agencies such as Standard & Poor and Moody's.


BOYCOTT PETRONAS?


6) The last time I checked, this is still a democratic country, where people are free to spend their money wherever they like.


For those who like to see more of the money that they spend go back to the local economy and benefiting their fellow Malaysians, perhaps they should consider sticking to local products or companies.

For those who like to see that the money they spend go back to foreign shareholders of the foreign companies overseas, they should continue buying foreign products.


FINAL WORD (FOR TODAY)

I'm sorry this is rather long, but I just have to convey it. I hope this would help some of you out there understand something. The oil and gas industry, apart from being very capital intensive, is also very complex and volatile. I'm learning new things almost every single day."

14 comments:

yusairi / pakLong Thursday, June 19, 2008 2:23:00 PM  

hi sunardi.
terima kasih di atas penjelasan ini.
nak tak nak, kena gak bayar RM2.7 seliter.

abahfateh Thursday, June 19, 2008 3:59:00 PM  

yusairi - be realistic. belajar tinggalkan tongkat mulai sekarang.

fared Friday, June 20, 2008 5:29:00 AM  

Kalau sejak lahir dah pakai tongkat, agak susah nak tinggalkan :D

Anonymous Friday, June 20, 2008 11:00:00 AM  

tongkat tu diberi kepada orang yang salah. kawan-kawan. kenalan. kruni. tidak diberi kepada mereka yang benar2 perlu. tidak menyeluruh.

ini bukan kes petronas. tetapi kes business gomen yang di privatise.

syabas. rapidKL. Air Asia?

semua infrastruktur sudah disediakan dgn duit rakyat. kemudian operasi diserahkan bulat-bulat kepada mereka.

dapat untung begitu aja. semua orang boleh jadi kaya gitu ;)

so, dalam kes harga minyak ni, orang ramai dah terlalu marah dgn sikap KERA-jaan. subsidi kepada mass people dipotong, tetapi subsidi kepada kroni ditambah2.

Petronas tidak terlepas terkena tempias sebab petronas is working for the benefit of the shareholder - gomen. and the shareholder is basically a corrupt shareholder.

petronas pun patut pandai main sentimen yg ini sahaja: aku dah bagi 65 cent to gomen, ask gomen what have they spent on that 65 cent?

but, berani ke top management petronas mainkan sentimen tu? mampus nanti gomen pecat top management yang cuba buat gitu.

they have done it in Sime Darby saga.

just my view, outside GLC which could understand both people in GLC and mass people.

Pakdi
http://my.pakdi.net

abahfateh Friday, June 20, 2008 11:58:00 AM  

fared - making changes happen is the hardest thing. orang kita mostly fail dalam bab ni.

pakdi - panjang komen mu. Mentang-mentang entri panjang.

Jauh dalam hati, kami bekerja untuk rakyat juga. Tanyalah KERA-jaan Be End sekarang ke mana perginya yang 65% tu.

No escapism just a fact who should we ask now.

marahman Friday, June 20, 2008 4:32:00 PM  

Sunard,

Cool stuff..keep up to share the information...lamadah tak jumpa hang nooo...all da best to u.

abahfateh Sunday, June 22, 2008 1:35:00 PM  

Man Mat - diam2 kau ke jepun. selamat sambung belajar! no prob with all info. Enjoy my blog!

Nanang Sunday, June 22, 2008 10:55:00 PM  

.... sejak bila kau ada blog?

kumb@ng Sunday, June 22, 2008 10:59:00 PM  

abahfateh...kita samalah di bawah payung syarikat GLC. orang ramai hanya melihat luaran saja tapi hakikatnya kita di dalam hanya makan gaji. CEO juga makan gaji.

resmi org makan gaji,nak taknak terpaksa tunduk dgn kemahuan pemerintah. untung mesti lebih kerana pemerintah perlu utk dapat cukai lebih. dgn cukai lebih ni di guna utk pembangunan.

pada saya permasalahan ni bukanlah datang dari syarikat GLC tapi dari cara mana pemerintah menguruskan pendapatan negara. jika pemerintah perihatin dgn kehendak rakyat maka mereka pasti faham apa yg rakyat nak... :)

abahfateh Monday, June 23, 2008 11:43:00 AM  

bro nanang - baru tahu? :?, ingat dah tahu... baru je, tua sikit daripada Kerajaan Barisan Rakyat di Selangor.

kumbang - setuju, itu yang perlu kita terangkan. Sentimen bercampur2, camtulah jadinyer. Tapi ni bukan untuk entry PETRONAS oh PETRONAS ke?

abahfateh Monday, June 23, 2008 11:46:00 AM  

kumbang - betul punya post. bingung banyak sangat pop-up. :)

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Anonymous Saturday, October 16, 2010 9:46:00 PM  

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